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What Is The Bladder?

The bladder is a hollow, muscular and an elastic organ placed on the pelvic floor in the mammals. This organ performs the duty of collecting urine that is extricated by the kidneys right before its disposal through urination. It is through the ureters that urine enters the bladder and exits through the urethra. We are going to provide you with some information about the various kinds of bladder problems that occur most commonly both to men and women in all over the world. Some of the major bladder problems that have created concern among the people in the modern times are bladder cancer, bladder infection and bladder stones.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer happens to be the most serious one among the bladder problems. This bladder problem describes any of the several types of the growth of the urinary bladder. The cells in the bladder multiply abnormally beyond any control. The most prominent sign of bladder cancer is the flow of blood along with urine. The presence of blood is sometimes even visible in naked eye. Frequent urination, a painful sensation during urination and feeling like urinating for no result are some of the other bladder cancer symptoms. Radiation and chemotherapy and sometimes the combination of the both are the common treatment methods for bladder cancer.

Bladder Infection

Bladder infection, often referred to as urinary tract infection, is not a very severe bladder problem, but is one of the commonest ones. It is, basically, a bacterial infection, affecting any part of the urinary tract. It is caused after the bacteria gets into the kidney or the bladder and starts multiplying in the urine, resulting in the bladder getting infected. Presence of blood in the urine, frequent urination, pus in urine and need to urinate a number of times during the night are some of the bladder infection symptoms. Antibiotics like cephalosporins, trimethoprim, fluoroquinomone and nitrofurantoin are often prescribed by the doctors.

Bladder Stones

Bladder stones, often referred to as the kidney stones or as renal calculi, are one of the very common bladder problems that affect people in all over the world. Bladder stones refer to the solid concretions of the minerals dissolved in the urine. It takes its form inside the bladder. Dent’s disease, underlying metabolic conditions and medullary sponge kidney are the main causes of bladder stones. Colicky pain, presence of blood or pus in the urine, reduced urinary volume and abdominal distention are some of the most prominent bladder stone symptoms. Hydration and some medications are the treatment options for bladder stones. Some special kinds of medicines are also prescribed by the doctor so that the sensation of pain is alleviated. What is quite interesting, the bladder stone pain management varies not only from country to country but also from physician to physician, depending much upon the condition of the patient. No medication should be tried without a consultation with the doctor.

There are also some other bladder problems that happen to people and make them suffer. Some of these bladder problems are bladder spasm, cystitis, hematuria, bladder exstrophy, and urinary incontinence.